"RCom already has existing and valid intra-circle roaming (ICR) agreements with other telecom operators, predominantly Tata Teleservices and Aircel, to offer 2G GSM services to its customers in these three circles," a source privy to the development said.
Under 3G ICR, telecom operators that don't have 3G spectrum in a circle use their partner's network to sell and operate 3G services. The 3G intra-circle agreement has been held valid by telecom tribunal TDSAT, but the Department of Telecom has challenged it.
RCom has also approached the state-owned BSNL, Vodafone and Idea Cellular for an agreement. When contacted, BSNL CMD Anupam Shrivastava said various companies keep approaching the state-run firm for roaming and sharing agreement.
"We have listed rates for roaming agreement on our website which is open and same for everyone. BSNL will allow companies to use its spectrum as per the law of land," Shrivastava said.
RCom has failed to win back 900 Mhz spectrum it uses for providing 2G mobile services in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha and the North-East service area.
The company bought spectrum in 1800 Mhz band in Odisha and the North-East, but it would require to almost double the network size to provide coverage to its existing 2G GSM customers.
However, its deal with telecom operators having 900 Mhz spectrum can ease the burden a bit. BSNL holds 900 Mhz spectrum throughout the country, which gives wide coverage for mobile service compared with other spectrum bands.
Vodafone and Idea did not respond to queries. RCom is looking at the option of buying airwaves under spectrum trading guidelines to support services in these three circles, but the two-year waiting period to operationalise a trading deal does not work in its favour. RCom declined to comment.
The company has over over 19 million customers across these three service areas, but its number of customers on its 2G GSM network could not be ascertained.
RCom, according to sources, is focusing on migrating most of 2G customers in a majority of the circles to 3G network by offering equal mobile call and Internet rates.
Vodafone has also lost 900 Mhz spectrum in Tamil Nadu and uncertainty prevails over continuity of 2G service to its customers.
Vodafone did not elaborate on its plan of continuing 2G service as the matter is sub-judice.