Facebook faces more criticism for its decision to categorise the promotion of news articles as political content, with global publishers now urging Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg to change its policy.
Seven trade groups representing media publishers and broadcast organisations in more than 120 countries including the New York Times, BBC.com and 21st Century Fox, sent a letter Monday to Zuckerberg. They're criticising the social media giant's decision to place ads publishers buy to boost exposure to their political articles in a public database alongside the ad information of political candidates.
"We see your policy as another step toward furthering a false and dangerous narrative that blurs the lines between real reporting from the professional media and propaganda," the letter said. "Marketing our products, or subscriptions to our products, is not separate from our journalism or from press freedom."
Under the new rules, any ads promoting political content - even news articles on politics and elections - will be placed in an archive that includes the identities of who's paying for the ads and the demographics of who's seen the ads for up to seven years. The archive began in the US, but Facebook has said it plans to expand the approach globally.
"Facebook must recognise the value of journalism created by independent news media companies and respect the critical role journalism plays in supporting societies across the world," World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers president Michael Golden said in a statement.
A Facebook representative didn't immediately respond to a request for comment.
The Menlo Park, California-based company first alerted publishers to the new rules last month following months of criticism over Russian operatives' use of the site to influence the 2016 presidential election. Within hours of a Bloomberg News report on the initiative and the criticism from news organizations, Facebook said it would work with publishers to come up with a policy that distinguishes journalism from political advocacy.
News Media Alliance Chief Executive Officer David Chavern, one of the loudest critics of the new policy, offered last month an alternative plan that would exempt a "white list" of mainstream news organisations from the new requirement.
Chavern's group organized the coalition that sent the letter Monday, which includes Digital Content Next, American Society of News Editors, European Publishers Council, MPA - The Association of Magazine Media, News Media Alliance, Society of Professional Journalists and The World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers. Bloomberg News is a member of Digital Content Next.
In an email obtained by Bloomberg News, Campbell Brown, Facebook's head of news partnerships, responded by saying the company would "take your suggestions to heart" but said the company planned to negotiate with publishers directly.
Separately, the issue of political ads on social media has caught the attention of Congress. Democratic Sens. Mark Warner of Virginia and Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota introduced the Honest Ads Act, which would subject online political ads to similar disclosure rules that now govern advertising content in other media such as TV and radio. The measure has the support of Facebook and Twitter.
The Federal Election Commission is also considering new regulations that would require disclaimers identifying the sponsors of online, mobile and other forms of digital ads, offering alternative rules.
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