Led by Utah University's Electrical and Computer Engineering Associate Professor Rajesh Menon, electrical researchers created the filter by etching a silicon wafer with nanoscale pillars and holes using a focused gallium-ion beam, a university release said.
Polarisers are indispensable in digital photography and LCD displays, but they block enormous amounts of light, wasting energy and making it more difficult to photograph in low light.
"This new concept in light filtering can perform the same function as a standard polariser but allows up to nearly 30 percent more light to pass through," said Menon.
Polarisers are widely used by photographers to reduce glare in the image. They also are used in LCD displays to regulate what light passes through to create images on the screen.
"When you take a picture and put the polarised filter on, you are trying to get rid of glare," Menon said. "But most polarisers will eliminate anywhere from to 60 to 70 percent of the light. You can see it with your eyes."
Yet with Menon's new polariser, much of the light that normally is reflected back is instead converted to the desired polarised state.
The Utah researchers have been able to pass through about 74 percent of the light, though their goal is to eventually allow all of the light to pass through.
LCD displays on devices such as smartphones and tablets have two polarisers that ultimately throw away most of the light when working with the liquid crystal display.
"If one can increase that energy efficiency, that is a huge increase on the battery life of your display. Or you can make your display brighter," Menon said.
Menon said the first marketable applications of this technology could be available in five to 10 years.
The technology also could be a boon for photographers who want to bring out more detail in their pictures while shooting in low-light situations and for scientists using microscopes and telescopes to visualise obscure phenomenon, he said.