According to researchers from University of Michigan, by placing graphene inside the lens, they can build a sensor capable of capturing infrared light.
A prototype is already here. Smaller than a fingernail, it could one day be built into lenses for soldiers and others who need to see in the dark.
"The layered approach can lead to ultra-thin sensors. We can make the entire design super-thin," explained Zhaohui Zhong, an assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at University of Michigan.
"Graphene is a promising candidate material for ultra-broadband photo-detectors as its absorption spectrum covers the entire ultraviolet to far-infrared range," he added.
Graphene is made of a single layer of carbon atoms that are bonded together in a repeating pattern of hexagons. It is one million times thinner than paper.
The sensor can be stacked on a contact lens or integrated with a cellphone. The material shows a very strong effect when it's struck by photons (light energy).
"Here, we report an ultra-broadband photo-detector design based on a graphene double-layer heterostructure," Zhong said.
The detector is a photo-transistor consisting of a pair of stacked graphene monolayers separated by a thin tunnel barrier.
Under optical illumination, photo-excited hot carriers generated in the top layer tunnel into the bottom layer, leading to a charge build-up on the gate and a strong photo-gating effect on the channel conductance, Zhong noted.The devices demonstrated room-temperature photo-detection from the visible to the mid-infrared range, said the study published in the journal Nature.