The Nasdaq-listed firm said consolidated net profit climbed to Rs. 2,886 crore ($481 million) in April-June from Rs. 2,374 crore in the same period a year earlier.
Shares in the firm surged 4.16 percent to Rs. 3,429.35 in response to the announcement.
India's second largest IT services exporter by sales, which is based in the southern high-tech city of Bangalore, said it had signed 61 new clients in the quarter.
The results come after Infosys last month announced a new chief executive and said its co-founder N.R. Narayana Murthy was stepping down as executive chairman following a string of high-profile departures.
Murthy left after returning from retirement as executive chairman in June last year to help revive the company's fortunes.
In October, it said it would pay $34 million to the US government to settle an investigation into alleged visa fraud by the company.
Many of India's IT outsourcing firms have reported subdued growth in recent years due to a global economic slowdown.