The world's richest person made the single-largest charitable contribution in 2020, according to The Chronicle of Philanthropy's annual list of top donations, a $10 billion gift that is intended to help fight climate change.
Amazon's founder and CEO, Jeff Bezos, whose “real-time” worth Forbes magazine estimates at roughly $188 billion (roughly Rs. 13,76,800 crores), used the contribution to launch his Bezos Earth Fund. The fund, which supports non-profits involved in the climate crisis, has paid out $790 million (roughly Rs. 5,800 crores) to 16 groups so far, according to the Chronicle.
Setting aside Bezos' whopping gift, though, the sum total of the top 10 donations last year, $2.6 billion (roughly Rs. 19,000 crores), was the lowest since 2011, even as many billionaires vastly increased their wealth in the stock market rally that catapulted technology shares in particular last year. According to the left-leaning Americans for Tax Fairness and the Institute for Policy Studies, from March 18 through December 7, 2020, Bezos' wealth surged by 63 percent, from $113 billion (roughly Rs. 8,27,600 crores) to $184 billion (roughly Rs. 13,47,600 crores).
Phil Knight, who with his wife, Penny, made the second- and third-largest donations last year according to the Chronicle, increased his wealth by about 77 percent over the same March-to-December period. Knight and his wife gave more than $900 million (roughly Rs. 6,600 crores) to the Knight Foundation and $300 million (roughly Rs. 2,200 crores) to the University of Oregon.
Fred Kummer, founder of construction company HBE Corporation, and his wife, June, gave $300 million (roughly Rs. 2,200 crores) to establish a foundation to support programmes at the Missouri University of Science and Technology.
Facebook's founder Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, delivered the fourth-largest donation on the Chronicle's list: A $250 million (roughly Rs. 1,800 crores) gift to the Center for Tech and Civic Life, which worked on voting security issues in the 2020 election. Zuckerberg, whose wealth nearly doubled to $105 billion (roughly Rs. 7,68,900 crores) in the March-to-December period according to Americans for Tax Fairness and the Institute for Policy Studies, has been widely criticised and been called to testify before Congress for his company's handling of disinformation in the runup to the 2020 presidential election.
In the fifth spot was Arthur Blank, co-founder of Home Depot, who gave $200 million (roughly Rs. 1,460 crores) through his foundation to Children's healthcare of Atlanta to build a new hospital.
Bezos and the Zuckerbergs made up the next spots on last year's top 10 list, with $100 million (roughly Rs. 730 crores) donations — Bezos for Feeding America to aid food banks across the country and the Zuckerbergs to the same election security group.
They were followed by Stephen Ross, founder of real estate firm Related Companies; David Roux, co-founder of Silver Lake, a private-equity firm, and his wife, Barbara; George, and Renee Karfunkel, real-estate investors; Bernard Marcus, co-founder of Home Depot; and Charles Schwab, founder of Schwab Financial Services, and his wife, Helen.
Two billionaires who donated heavily to charity last year, MacKenzie Scott, Bezos' former wife, and Jack Dorsey, co-founder of Twitter — did not make the Chronicle's list because no single donation of theirs was large enough to qualify. In February, the Chronicle will publish its list of the 50 biggest donors, which counts cumulative donations, not individual gifts.
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