The Central government on Wednesday told the Supreme Court that it has set up a Committee of Experts headed by former apex court judge B.N. Srikrishna to study various aspects of data protection in India and to suggest a draft data protection bill.
A five judge constitution bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice A.K. Sikri, Justice Amitava Roy, Justice A.M. Khanwilkar and Justice Mohan M. Shantanagoudar was told that the Justice Srikrishna committee has been asked to make specific suggestions for consideration by the government on principles for data protection in India.
Addressing the constitution bench, Additional Solicitor General Tushar Mehta said that that after the report comes into being, there is a possibility that a law regulating data protection will be passed.
Meanwhile, the bench asked both social media site Facebook and instant messaging app WhatsApp to file affidavits stating what part of the data of their users they are sharing with third parties under their new privacy regime.
Appearing for WhatsApp, senior counsel Kapil Sibal told the court that they were only sharing four things with the third parties - the user's telephone number, the type of the device being used, its registration and the last time when the user accessed the app.
As the court said that it would record the statement made by Sibal on sharing of data, senior counsel Arvind Datar, appearing for Facebook, seemed reluctant and at that stage, the court asked both WhatsApp and Facebook to file affidavits.
Directing the listing of the matter on November 20 after both have filed their affidavits, the court in its order said: "Be it clarified, if the assertions made in the affidavit would not require any kind of intervention by this Court, this Court may not pass any interim order."
Assuring the court that WhatsApp was not looking into the data of its users, Sibal said it was entitled on to do what it wanted, including business, on its digital platform. As he told the constitution bench that data sharing was too complex an issue for the judges to understand and decide, Datar also said that the whole issue was "complex" and requires legislative intervention since it is a "multifaceted matter".