Here's a task we've all faced at some point in our lives – having to compress a PDF, be it to fit an arbitrary file size requirement, optimise for quick viewing, or save on data costs. There are several ways to go about doing so, depending on your platform, privacy needs, and how much time you have.
While this compression method is the easiest of the lot, it also presents the largest security risk, since your PDF file will be uploaded to the website's servers. As a rule, you should completely avoid using free online tools for documents that contain personal, identifiable information, such as your Aadhaar, passport, and the like. On the other hand, if the information in the document is available to the public, the lack of privacy and security might not be a problem.
In such cases, you can look at one of the many options out there to compress your PDF file, with some of the popular ones being Smallpdf, iLovePDF, and PDF Compressor. Given an uncompressed 24MB document with words and images, the first three services performed about the same, giving out compressed PDF files around 1.12MB, 1.10MB, and 1.6MB respectively. With an alternative 5.55MB PDF, the results came to 319KB, 316KB, and 434KB.
After you've done your share of research, the process to actually compress the PDF file(s) is similar for most websites:
All the above online tools work across both computers and mobile devices. On Android, you can pull up PDF files from internal storage or cloud services on the file selection stage. With iOS, the PDF files must be stored on a supported cloud service - Dropbox, Google Drive, and the like. While some websites will hand you a zip file, others will open the compressed PDF right in your browser, which you can then send via the usual means.
Adobe Acrobat Reader DC is a free PDF reader, but the PDF optimisation feature is available only as part of the paid Acrobat Pro subscription. If you're willing to pony up more than a thousand bucks a month, here's how it works:
There are several free Windows software apps that will compress PDFs. One popular option is 4Dots Free PDF Compress, which supports everything from Windows 7, 8.1, and 10. There are two ways to use it.
Here's how to compress PDF files using this Windows software via the right-click menu:
Alternatively, you can reduce PDF size by opening the app:
On macOS, you don't need to download any app. The in-built Preview app can reduce file size of PDFs.
Here's how to compress PDF files for free on Mac OS:
Have you faced any trouble reducing PDF file size? Leave your questions in the comments below.